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Anchor Bible Commentary

ANCHOR BIBLE COMMENTARY. bible verses on line.

Anchor Bible Commentary

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  • Exegesis (from the Greek from ‘to lead out’) is a critical explanation or interpretation of a text, especially a religious text.


  • A heavy object attached to a rope or chain and used to moor a vessel to the sea bottom, typically one having a metal shank with a ring at one end for the rope and a pair of curved and/or barbed flukes at the other
  • a mechanical device that prevents a vessel from moving
  • A store, e.g., a department store, that is the principal tenant of a mall or a shopping center
  • A person or thing that provides stability or confidence in an otherwise uncertain situation
  • fix firmly and stably; “anchor the lamppost in concrete”
  • a central cohesive source of support and stability; “faith is his anchor”; “the keystone of campaign reform was the ban on soft money”; “he is the linchpin of this firm”

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anchor bible commentary – The Gospel

The Gospel According to John, XIII-XXI (The Anchor Yale Bible Commentaries)
The Gospel According to John, XIII-XXI (The Anchor Yale Bible Commentaries)
This volume concludes Raymond E. Brown’s commentary on the “Gospel of John”. Continuing his study begun in “Anchor Bible Volume 29″, the author translates the original Greek text into today’s English, which allows all readers to make sense of the Gospel. Father Brown’s notes and comments sort out the major issues surrounding the writings of John – questions of authorship, composition, date, and John’s relation to the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke). He analyzes and presents the scholarly debates in a form the interested layperson can appreciate.”John” chapters 13-21 comprise the Book of Glory (describing the Last Supper, the Passion, and the appearances of the Risen Jesus) and the epilogue to the Gospel. This commentary includes a special appendix on the Paraclete, in which Brown examines in detail the role of the Holy Spirit. Whether discussing John’s version of miracle stories found in the other Gospels, explaining the meaning of obscure Greek words, or showing the relevance of Jesus’ words and deeds, Father Brown speaks to scholars and laypeople alike.

Spectacular sunset from my back garden 10-05-10 IMG 1848

Spectacular sunset from my back garden 10-05-10 IMG 1848
When Was Christ Crucified and Resurrected?
From the March 2010 Trumpet Print Edition »

Here is the only sign Jesus gave to prove He was the Messiah.?

By Mark Nash

Do you know how important the details surrounding the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ are to you and to this world?

If you call yourself a Christian, you certainly must believe Jesus is the Son of God, but have you ever studied the only proof Jesus ever gave of that fact?

Have you ever carefully evaluated what Jesus said, what actually took place and how it compares to the teachings of your church?

“Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee.

But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas:

For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth” (Matthew 12:38-40).

Jesus was constantly being challenged by the religious leaders of His time.

In this instance, some Pharisees asked for a sign that He was the Son of God.

Jonas is the New Testament version of the name Jonah, whose story is recorded in the Old Testament book bearing his name.

Here Jesus ties him directly to the only SIGN of His messiahship that He would give to this “evil and adulterous generation.”

Understanding the events surrounding the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ is critical to being a true Christian. Isn’t it time you proved your own beliefs?

Three Days and Three Nights

Several important aspects of Matthew 12:38-40 should be honestly evaluated.

The first and perhaps most crucial is contained in verse 40, where Jesus clearly and specifically stated that He would be buried for three days and three nights.

Is that what your church teaches?

Or have you been taught the fable about a Friday crucifixion and Sunday morning resurrection?

Try counting the number of nights and days for yourself.

From Friday until Sunday morning, you will only find two nights and one day, not three of each.

Jesus said He would be in the earth for three days and three nights as proof He is the Son of God.

If the teaching of most “Christian” churches is true, Jesus was only in the earth for two nights and one day, which would mean Jesus is not proved to be the Son of God.

So, now what do you do?

How can you call Jesus the Son of God if His own words disprove it?

How has the Friday to Sunday myth come to be taught and believed so universally?

First, religious leaders point to the fact that Jesus was crucified the day before a sabbath day.

Then they wrongly conclude it means He was killed on a Friday, since the Bible calls Saturday the Sabbath.

(As an aside, this proves that those same religious leaders know Saturday is the biblical Sabbath we are commanded to keep holy in the Fourth Commandment.

For more on this topic, request our free booklet Which Day Is the Christian Sabbath?)

They overlook the fact that it was actually an annual sabbath, as we will see.

Second, it was prophesied that there would be false teachings that would sway or be accepted by “many” (e.g. Matthew 24:4-5, 11). Satan, who has worked at deceiving mankind for 6,000 years (Revelation 12:9), is the one behind this deception.

These religious leaders who claim that Jesus was killed Friday afternoon and resurrected Sunday morning, totaling one day and two nights in the tomb, are—by denying the only sign Jesus gave of His Messiahship—actually denying Christ.

Your Bible proves that the murder of Jesus occurred on Wednesday, April 25, in the year a.d. 31—not Friday. It also proves that the resurrection of Jesus occurred at SUNSET on Saturday evening, April 28, not at sunrise on Sunday.

Let us look closely at what really happened when Jesus was killed.

Not Buried Before a Weekly Sabbath

“After two days was the feast of the passover, and of unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take him by craft, and put him to death” (Mark 14:1).

This was just before the spring holy days in Israel.

The Passover and the annual sabbath day called the first day of Unleavened Bread were just ahead.

The annual sabbaths are listed in Leviticus 23. (For detailed information about the annual holy days, request our free booklet Pagan Holidays or God’s Holy Days—Which?)

“And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that thou mayest eat the passover?” (Mark 14:12).

Jesus was having His disciples prepare for the passover, which is not a holy day, but is a sacred service.

“And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer” (Luke 22:15).

This is the event commonly called the Last Supper; however, in reality it is the “L


This Hebrew talisman is from the title page of the 1977 Anchor Bible Song of Songs but I couldn’t find any commentary.

anchor bible commentary

The Gospel According to John (I-XII) (The Anchor Yale Bible Commentaries)
In the first volume of Raymond E. Brown’s magisterial three-volume commentary on the “Gospel According to John”, all of the major Johannine questions – of authorship, composition, dating, the relationship of John to the Synoptics (Mark, Matthew, and Luke) – are discussed. The important theories of modern biblical scholarship concerning John are weighed against the evidence given in the text and against prevailing biblical research. In sum, what is attempted is a synthesis of the major scholarly insights that bear on the Fourth Gospel.The translation – as Father Brown states at the outset – strives not for any formal beauty but rather for an accurate and contemporary version: “the simple, everyday Greek of the Gospel has been rendered into the ordinary American English of today.” The result is a translation that will strike the reader with uncommon immediacy.Father Brown also analyzes, in the appendixes, the meaning, use, and frequency of certain key words and phrases that occur in John, and examines the differences between the Johannine and Synoptic treatments of the miracle stories.The chapters of the Gospel translated here in Volume 29 (1-12) comprise the Prologue, which opens with the famous “In the beginning was the Word,” and the Book of Signs, an account of the miracles of Jesus and of his ministry.